Updated on 2024-07-19 GMT+08:00

Changing the OS


Changing an ECS OS will change the system disk attached to the ECS. After the change, the system disk ID of the ECS will be changed, and the original system disk will be deleted.

If the OS running on an ECS cannot meet service requirements, change the ECS OS.

The cloud platform supports changing between image types (public images, private images, and shared images) and between OSs. You can change your OS by changing your ECS image.


  • The OS change takes about 10 to 20 minutes During this process, the ECS status is Changing OS.
  • Do not perform any operations on the ECS before the system injects the password or key. Otherwise, the login will fail.
  • The target ECS must have a system disk attached.
  • For a yearly/monthly ECS, the system disk capacity may be insufficient if you change the image type. You need to detach the system disk, expand the disk capacity, attach the expanded disk, and then change the OS.
  • The OS of a yearly/monthly ECS can be changed:
    • Only changes between free OSs are supported.
    • If an ECS is created from a private image in KooGallery and is billed on a yearly/monthly basis, the OS cannot be changed.
    • OS change between Windows and Linux is supported only in the Chinese mainland regions.
  • The EVS disk quota must be greater than 0.
  • The system disk type cannot be changed.
  • H2 ECSs do not support OS change.
  • For details about the change between different OSs, see Notes on Change Between Windows and Linux.
  • An ISO image created from an ISO file cannot be used to change the OS of an ECS. You need to install an OS and drivers on the ECS and use the ECS to create a system disk image first.
  • The boot mode (BIOS or UEFI) cannot be changed.
  • The OS cannot be changed between an x86 ECS and a Kunpeng ECS.


  • After the OS is changed, the original OS is not retained, and the original system disk is deleted, including the data in all partitions of the system disk.
  • Back up data before changing the OS. For details, see Cloud Backup and Recovery.
  • Changing the OS does not affect data in data disks.
  • After the OS is changed, your service running environment must be deployed in the new OS again.
  • After the OS is changed, the ECS will be automatically started.
  • After the OS is changed, the system disk type of the ECS cannot be changed.
  • After the OS is changed, the IP and MAC addresses of the ECS remain unchanged.
  • After the OS is changed, customized configurations, such as DNS and hostname of the original OS will be reset and require reconfiguration.
  • It takes about 10 to 20 minutes to change the OS. During this process, the ECS is in Changing OS state.

Notes on Change Between Windows and Linux

When you change the OS from Windows to Linux or from Linux to Windows, note the following:

  • To change Windows to Linux, install an NTFS partition tool, such as NTFS-3G for data reads and writes on the Windows ECS.
  • To change Linux to Windows, install software, such as Ext2Read or Ext2Fsd to identify ext3 or ext4.

    If there are LVM partitions on the Linux ECS, these partitions may fail after the OS is changed to Windows. Therefore, a change from Linux to Windows is not recommended.

Billing Rules

The new system disk may have a larger capacity after an OS change, so you may be billed more.


  • The data is backed up.

    For details, see Cloud Backup and Recovery.

  • If you want to change the login authentication mode from password to key pair during the OS change, create a key file in advance.

    For details, see (Recommended) Creating a Key Pair on the Management Console.

  • If you plan to use a private image to change the OS, ensure that a private image is available. For details about how to create a private image, see Image Management Service User Guide.
    • If the image of a specified ECS is required, make sure that a private image has been created using this ECS.
    • If a local image file is required, make sure that the image file has been imported to the cloud platform and registered as a private image.
    • If a private image from another region is required, make sure that the image has been copied.
    • If a private image from another user account is required, make sure that the image has been shared with you.


  1. Log in to the management console.
  2. Click in the upper left corner and select your region and project.
  3. Click . Under Compute, choose Elastic Cloud Server.
  4. Locate the row containing the target ECS and choose More > Manage Image/Disk > Change OS in the Operation column.

    Before changing the OS, stop the ECS first or select Stop the ECS (The ECS must be stopped before its OS can be changed.).

  5. Select the target image.

    For a yearly/monthly ECS, if the system disk capacity is smaller than the size of your image, you must detach the system disk, expand its capacity, and attach it to the original ECS before changing the OS.

    For instructions about how to expand the system disk capacity, see Disk Capacity Expansion.

    Figure 1 Change OS
  6. Configure the login mode.

    If the target ECS uses key pair authentication, you can replace the original key pair.

  7. Click OK.
  8. In the Change OS dialog box, confirm the specifications, read and select the agreement or disclaimer, and click OK.

    After the application is submitted, the status Changing OS is displayed. When this status disappears, the OS change is complete.

    A temporary ECS is created during the OS change process. After the process is complete, this ECS will be automatically deleted.

Follow-up Procedure

  • If the OSs before and after the OS change are both Linux, and automatic mounting upon system startup has been enabled for data disks, the data disk partition mounting information will be lost after the OS is changed. In such a case, you need to update the /etc/fstab configuration.
    1. Write the new partition information into /etc/fstab.

      It is a good practice to back up the /etc/fstab file before writing data into it.

      To enable automatic partition mounting upon system startup, see Initializing a Linux Data Disk (fdisk).

    2. Mount the partition so that you can use the data disk.

      mount Disk partition Device name

    3. Check the mount result.

      df -TH

  • If the OS change is unsuccessful, perform steps 3 to 8 again to retry the OS change.
  • If the second OS change attempt is unsuccessful, contact customer service for manual recovery at the backend.