Relational Database ServiceRelational Database Service

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Updated at: Apr 02, 2022 GMT+08:00

Restoring from Backup Files to DB Instances

Scenarios

This section describes how to use an automated or manual backup to restore a DB instance to the status when the backup was created. The restoration is at the DB instance level.

When you restore a DB instance from a backup file, a full backup file is downloaded from OBS and then restored to the DB instance at an average speed of 40 MB/s.

Constraints

  • You can restore to new DB instances from backups only when your account balance is greater than or equal to $0 USD. You will pay for the new instance specifications.
  • RDS for MySQL does not support restoration to the original DB instance. If you intend to restore to the original DB instance, restore to a new or an existing DB instance of the same version first and then change the IP address to that of the original DB instance.

Procedure

  1. Log in to the management console.
  2. Click in the upper left corner and select a region and a project.
  3. Click in the upper left corner of the page and choose Database > Relational Database Service. The RDS console is displayed.
  4. On the Backup Management page, select the backup to be restored and click Restore in the Operation column.

    Alternatively, click the target DB instance on the Instance Management page. On the displayed page, choose Backups & Restorations. On the displayed page, select the target backup to be restored and click Restore in the Operation column.

  5. Select a restoration method and click OK.

    • Create New Instance

      The Create New Instance page is displayed.

      • The DB engine and version of the new DB instance are the same as those of the original DB instance and cannot be changed.
      • Storage space of the new DB instance is the same as that of the original DB instance by default and the new instance must be at least as large as the original DB instance.
      • Other settings are the same as those of the original DB instance by default and can be modified. For details, see Buying a DB Instance.
      Figure 1 Restoring to a new DB instance
    • Restore to Existing
      1. Select "I acknowledge that restoring to an existing DB instance will overwrite data on it and cause the existing DB instance to be unavailable during the restoration." and click Next.
      2. Confirm the information and click OK.
      • If the target existing DB instance has been deleted, data cannot be restored to it.
      • Restoring to an existing DB instance will overwrite data on it and cause the existing DB instance to be unavailable.
      • To restore backup data to an existing DB instance, the selected DB instance must use the same DB engine and the same or a later version than the original DB instance.
      • Ensure that the storage space of the selected existing DB instance is greater than or equal to the storage space of the original DB instance. Otherwise, data will not be restored.

      If you have enabled operation protection, click Send Code in the displayed Identity Verification dialog box and enter the obtained verification code. Then, click OK.

      Two-factor authentication improves the security of your account and cloud product. For details about how to enable operation protection, see the Identity and Access Management User Guide.
      Figure 2 Restoring to an existing DB instance

  6. View the restoration result. The result depends on which restoration method was selected:

    Restoring from backups does not affect the performance of original DB instances.

    • Create New Instance

      A new DB instance is created using the backup data. The status of the DB instance changes from Creating to Available.

      The new DB instance is independent from the original one. If you need read replicas to offload read pressure, create one or more for the new DB instance.

      After the new instance is created, a full backup will be automatically triggered.

    • Restore to Existing

      On the Instance Management page, the status of the target existing DB instance changes from Restoring to Available. If the target existing DB instance contains read replicas, the read replica status is the same as the target existing DB instance status.

      After the restoration is complete, a full backup will be automatically triggered.

      You can view the detailed progress and result of the task on the Task Center page. For details, see Task Center.

Follow-up Operations

After the restoration is successful, you can log in to the DB instance for verification.

Backup data cannot be restored to original RDS for MySQL DB instances. If you need to restore data to your original DB instance, restore backup data to a new or an existing DB instance and then migrate the backup data to the original instance using DRS or change the floating IP address of the new DB instance to that of the original instance.

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