Updated at: 2022-05-19 GMT+08:00

Creating an MRS User

Use IAM to implement fine-grained permission control over your MRS. With IAM, you can:

  • Create IAM users under your HUAWEI CLOUD account for employees based on your enterprise's organizational structure so that each employee is allowed to access MRS resources using their unique security credential (IAM user).
  • Grant only the permissions required for users to perform a specific task.
  • Entrust a HUAWEI CLOUD account or cloud service to perform efficient O&M on your MRS resources.

If your HUAWEI CLOUD account does not require IAM users, skip this section.

This section describes the procedure for granting permissions (see Figure 1).

Prerequisites

Learn about the permissions supported by MRS by referring to Permission Management. For the permissions of other services, see System Permissions.

Process Flow

Figure 1 Process for granting MRS permissions
  1. Create a user group and assign permissions to it.

    Create a user group on the IAM console, and assign MRS permissions to the group.

  2. Create a user and add it to a user group.

    Create a user on the IAM console and add the user to the group created in 1. Create a user group and assign permissions to it.

  3. Log in and verify permissions.

    Log in to the console by using the user created, and verify that the user has the granted permissions.

    • Choose Service List > MapReduce Service. Then click Buy Cluster on the MRS console. If a message appears indicating that you have insufficient permissions to perform the operation, the MRS ReadOnlyAccess policy has already taken effect.
    • Choose any other service in Service List. If a message appears indicating that you have insufficient permissions to access the service, the MRS ReadOnlyAccess policy has already taken effect.

MRS Permission Description

By default, new IAM users do not have any permissions. To assign permissions to a user, add the user to one or more groups and assign permissions policies or roles to these groups. The user then inherits permissions from the groups it is a member of and can perform specified operations on cloud services based on the permissions.

MRS is a project-level service deployed and accessed in specific physical regions. To assign permissions to a user group, specify Scope as Region-specific projects and select projects in the corresponding region for the permissions to take effect. If All projects is selected, the permissions will take effect for the user group in all region-specific projects. When accessing MRS, the users need to switch to a region where they have been authorized to use the MRS service.

You can grant users permissions by using roles and policies.

  • Roles: A type of coarse-grained authorization mechanism that defines permissions related to user responsibilities. This mechanism provides only a limited number of service-level roles for authorization. When using roles to grant permissions, you need to also assign other roles on which the permissions depend to take effect. However, roles are not an ideal choice for fine-grained authorization and secure access control.
  • Policies: A type of fine-grained authorization mechanism that defines permissions required to perform operations on specific cloud resources under certain conditions. This mechanism allows for more flexible policy-based authorization, meeting requirements for secure access control. For example, you can grant MRS users only the permissions for performing specified operations on MRS clusters, such as creating a cluster and querying a cluster list rather than deleting a cluster. Most policies define permissions based on APIs. For the API actions supported by MRS, see Permissions Policies and Supported Actions.
Table 1 lists all the system policies supported by MRS.
Table 1 MRS system policies

Policy

Description

Type

MRS FullAccess

Administrator permissions for MRS. Users granted these permissions can operate and use all MRS resources.

Fine-grained policy

MRS CommonOperations

Common user permissions for MRS. Users granted these permissions can use MRS but cannot add or delete resources.

Fine-grained policy

MRS ReadOnlyAccess

Read-only permission for MRS. Users granted these permissions can only view MRS resources.

Fine-grained policy

MRS Administrator

Permissions:

  • All operations on MRS
  • Users with permissions of this policy must also be granted permissions of the Tenant Guest, Server Administrator, and BSS Administrator policies.

RBAC policy

Table 2 lists the common operations supported by each system-defined policy or role of MRS. Select the policies or roles as required.

Table 2 Common operations supported by each system-defined policy

Operation

MRS FullAccess

MRS CommonOperations

MRS ReadOnlyAccess

MRS Administrator

Creating a cluster

x

x

Resizing a cluster

x

x

Upgrading node specifications

x

x

Deleting a cluster

x

x

Querying cluster details

Querying a cluster list

Configuring an auto scaling rule

x

x

Querying a host list

Querying operation logs

Creating and executing a job

x

Stopping a job

x

Deleting a single job

x

Deleting jobs in batches

x

Querying job details

Querying a job list

Creating a folder

x

Deleting a file

x

Querying a file list

Operating cluster tags in batches

x

Creating a single cluster tag

x

Deleting a single cluster tag

x

Querying a resource list by tag

Querying cluster tags

Accessing Manager

x

Querying a patch list

Installing a patch

x

Uninstalling a patch

x

Authorizing O&M channels

x

Sharing O&M channel logs

x

Querying an alarm list

Subscribing to alarm notification

x

Submitting an SQL statement

x

Querying SQL results

x

Canceling an SQL execution task

x

close