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Device Types and Usage Instructions

Updated at:Aug 06, 2020 GMT+08:00

What Are Device Types?

EVS device types are classified as Virtual Block Device (VBD) and Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) based on whether advanced SCSI commands are supported.
  • VBD is the default EVS disk device type. VBD EVS disks support only basic read/write SCSI commands.
  • SCSI EVS disks support transparent SCSI command transmission and allow the server OS to directly access the underlying storage media. Besides basic read/write SCSI commands, SCSI disks also support advanced SCSI commands.

Common Application Scenarios and Usage Instructions of SCSI EVS Disks

  • SCSI EVS disks: BMSs support only SCSI EVS disks, which can be used as either system disks or data disks.
  • Shared SCSI EVS disks: Shared SCSI EVS disks must be used together with a distributed file system or cluster software. Because most cluster applications, such as Windows MSCS, Veritas VCS, and Veritas CFS, require the usage of SCSI reservations, you are advised to use shared EVS disks with SCSI.

    SCSI reservations take effect only when shared SCSI EVS disks are attached to ECSs in the same ECS group. For more information about shared EVS disks, see Shared EVS Disks and Usage Instructions.

Do I Need to Install a Driver for SCSI EVS Disks?

To use SCSI EVS disks, you need to install a driver for certain server OSs. The details are as follows:
  • BMS

    Both the Windows and Linux images for BMSs are pre-installed with the required driver, that is, the SDI card driver. Therefore, no driver needs to be installed.

  • KVM ECS

    When using SCSI EVS disks, you are advised to use them with KVM ECSs. Linux images for KVM ECSs already have the required driver built in the Linux kernel, and Windows images for KVM ECSs are also included with the driver. Therefore, no driver needs to be installed for KVM ECSs.

    ECS virtualization types are categorized into KVM and Xen. For details, see ECS Types.

  • XEN ECS

    Due to limitations in the driver support, you are advised not to use SCSI EVS disk with Xen ECSs.

    However, there are a few images available that support SCSI EVS disks on Xen ECSs. For the supported images, see Table 1.

    After confirming that the OS images of Xen ECSs support SCSI EVS disks, determine whether the driver needs to be installed based on the following conditions:

    • Public Windows images are preinstalled with the Paravirtual SCSI (PVSCSI) driver. Therefore, no driver needs to be installed.
    • Private Windows images are not preinstalled with the PVSCSI driver so that you need to download and install it explicitly.

      For details, see (Optional) Optimizing Windows Private Images in the Image Management Service User Guide.

    • Linux images are not preinstalled with the PVSCSI driver. You need to obtain the source code of the open source Linux driver at https://github.com/UVP-Tools/SAP-HANA-Tools.
    Table 1 OSs supporting SCSI EVS disks

    Virtualization Type

    OS

    XEN

    Windows

    See the Windows images listed on the Public Images page.

    For details about how to view the information: Log in to the management console, choose Image Mgmt Service, click the Public Images tab, and select ECS system disk image and Windows from the drop-down lists, respectively.

    Linux

    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP4 64bit (The kernel version is 3.0.101-68-default or 3.0.101-80-default.)
    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 64bit (The kernel version is 3.12.51-52.31-default.)
    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP1 64bit (The kernel version is 3.12.67-60.64.24-default.)
    • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 SP2 64bit (The kernel version is 4.4.74-92.35.1-default.)

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