Hint Errors, Conflicts, and Other Warnings
Plan hints change an execution plan. You can run EXPLAIN to view the changes.
Hints containing errors are invalid and do not affect statement execution. The errors will be displayed in different ways based on statement types. Hint errors in an EXPLAIN statement are displayed as a warning on the interface. Hint errors in other statements will be recorded in debug1-level logs containing the PLANHINT keyword.
Hint error types are as follows:
- Syntax errors.
For example, the hint keyword is incorrect, no table or only one table is specified in the leading or join hint, or no tables are specified in other hints. The parsing of a hint is terminated immediately after a syntax error is detected. Only the hints that have been parsed successfully are valid.
leading((t1 t2)) nestloop(t1) rows(t1 t2 #10)
The syntax of nestloop(t1) is wrong and its parsing is terminated. Only leading(t1 t2) that has been successfully parsed before nestloop(t1) is valid.
- Semantic errors.
- An error will be reported if the specified tables do not exist, multiple tables are found based on the hint setting, or a table is used more than once in the leading or join hint.
- An error will be reported if the index specified in a scan hint does not exist.
- If multiple tables with the same name exist after a subquery is pulled up and some of them need to be hinted, add aliases for them to avoid name duplication.
- Duplicated or conflicted hints.
- Hint duplication indicates that a hint is used more than once in the same query, for example, nestloop(t1 t2) nestloop(t1 t2).
- A hint conflict indicates that the functions of two hints with the same table list conflict with each other.
For example, if nestloop (t1 t2) hashjoin (t1 t2) is used, hashjoin (t1 t2) becomes invalid. nestloop(t1 t2) does not conflict with no mergejoin(t1 t2).
The table list in the leading hint is disassembled. For example, leading (t1 t2 t3) will be disassembled as leading(t1 t2) leading((t1 t2) t3), which will conflict with leading(t2 t1) (if any). In this case, the latter leading(t2 t1) becomes invalid. If two hints use duplicated table lists and only one of them has the specified outer/inner table, the one without a specified outer/inner table becomes invalid.
- A hint becomes invalid after a sublink is pulled up.
In this case, a message will be displayed. Generally, such invalidation occurs if a sublink contains multiple tables to be joined, because the table list in the sublink becomes invalid after the sublink is pulled up.
- Unsupported column types.
- Skew hints are specified to optimize redistribution. They will be invalid if their corresponding columns do not support redistribution.
- Specified hints are not used.
- If hashjoin or mergejoin is specified for non-equivalent joins, it will not be used.
- If indexscan or indexonlyscan is specified for a table that does not have an index, it will not be used.
- If indexscan hint or indexonlyscan is specified for a full-table scan or for a scan whose filtering conditions are not set on index columns, it will not be used.
- The specified indexonlyscan hint is used only when the output column contains only indexes.
- In equivalent joins, only the joins containing equivalence conditions are valid. Therefore, the leading, join, and rows hints specified for the joins without an equivalence condition will not be used. For example, t1, t2, and t3 are to be joined, and the join between t1 and t3 does not contain an equivalence condition. In this case, leading(t1 t3) will not be used.
- To generate a streaming plan, if the distribution key of a table is the same as its join key, redistribute specified for this table will not be used. If the distribution key and join key are different for this table but the same for the other table in the join, redistribute specified for this table will be used but broadcast will not.
- If no sublink is pulled up, the specified blockname hint will not be used.
- Skew hints are not used possibly because:
- The plan does not require redistribution.
- The columns specified by hints contain distribution keys.
- Skew information specified in hints is incorrect or incomplete, for example, no value is specified for join optimization.
- Skew optimization is disabled by GUC parameters.