Updated at: 2022-08-03 GMT+08:00

Anonymous Block

An anonymous block applies to a script infrequently executed or a one-off activity. An anonymous block is executed in a session and is not stored.

Syntax

Figure 1 shows the syntax diagrams for an anonymous block.

Figure 1 anonymous_block::=

Details about the syntax diagram are as follows:

  • The execute part of an anonymous block starts with a BEGIN statement, has a break with an END statement, and ends with a semicolon (;). Type a slash (/) and press Enter to execute the statement.

    The terminator "/" must be written in an independent row.

  • The declaration section includes the variable definition, type, and cursor definition.
  • A simplest anonymous block does not execute any commands. At least one statement, even a null statement, must be presented in any implementation blocks.

Examples

The following lists basic anonymous block programs:

-- Null statement block: BEGIN NULL; END; / -- Print information to the console: BEGIN dbms_output.put_line('hello world!'); END; / -- Print variable contents to the console: DECLARE my_var VARCHAR2(30); BEGIN my_var :='world'; dbms_output.put_line('hello'||my_var); END; /
close