This chapter describes fine-grained permissions management for your RDS. If your HUAWEI CLOUD account does not need individual IAM users, then you may skip over this chapter.
By default, new IAM users do not have permissions assigned. You need to add a user to one or more groups, and attach permissions policies or roles to these groups. Users inherit permissions from the groups to which they are added and can perform specified operations on cloud services based on the permissions.
You can grant users permissions by using roles and policies. Roles are a type of coarse-grained authorization mechanism that defines permissions related to user responsibilities. Policies define API-based permissions for operations on specific resources under certain conditions, allowing for more fine-grained, secure access control of cloud resources.
- Policy-based access control enables distribution of refined permissions. It is currently under open beta testing and can be used free of charge. For details, see Applying for Fine-Grained Access Control.
- Policy-based authorization is useful if you want to allow or deny the access to an API.
A HUAWEI CLOUD account has all of the permissions required to call all APIs, but IAM users must have the required permissions specifically assigned. The permissions required for calling an API are determined by the actions supported by the API. Only users that have been granted permissions allowing the actions can call the API successfully. For example, if an IAM user queries RDS DB instances using an API, the user must have been granted permissions that allow the rds:instance:list action.
RDS provides system-defined policies that can be directly used in IAM. You can also create custom policies and use them to supplement system-defined policies, implementing more refined access control. Operations supported by policies are specific to APIs. The following are common concepts related to policies:
- Permission: A statement in a policy that allows or denies certain operations.
- Actions: Added to a custom policy to control permissions for specific operations.
- Authorization Scope: A custom policy can be applied to IAM projects or enterprise projects or both. Policies that contain actions supporting both IAM and enterprise projects can be assigned to user groups and take effect in both IAM and Enterprise Management. Policies that only contain actions supporting IAM projects can be assigned to user groups and only take effect for IAM. Such policies will not take effect if they are assigned to user groups in Enterprise Management. For details about the differences between IAM and enterprise projects, see Differences Between IAM Projects and Enterprise Projects.
- APIs: REST APIs that can be called in a custom policy.