Updated on 2024-06-20 GMT+08:00

Adding an HTTPS Listener


You can add an HTTPS listener if you require encrypted transmission. Load balancers decrypt HTTPS requests before routing them to backend servers. Once the servers process the requests, they send them back to the load balancers for encryption. Finally, the load balancers send the encrypted requests to the clients.

When you add an HTTPS listener, ensure that the subnet of the load balancer has sufficient IP addresses. If the IP addresses are insufficient, add more subnets on the summary page of the load balancer. After you select a subnet, ensure that ACL rules are not configured for this subnet. If rules are configured, request packets may not be allowed.


If the listener protocol is HTTPS, the protocol of the backend server group is HTTP by default and cannot be changed.


  1. Log in to the management console.
  2. In the upper left corner of the page, click and select the desired region and project.
  3. Click in the upper left corner to display Service List and choose Networking > Elastic Load Balance.
  4. On the Load Balancers page, locate the load balancer and click its name.
  5. Under Listeners, click Add Listener. Configure the parameters based on Table 1.
    Table 1 Parameters for configuring an HTTPS listener




    Specifies the listener name.

    Frontend Protocol

    Specifies the protocol that will be used by the load balancer to receive requests from clients.

    Select HTTPS.

    Frontend Port

    Specifies the port that will be used by the load balancer to receive requests from clients.

    The port number ranges from 1 to 65535.

    SSL Authentication

    Specifies how you want the clients and backend servers to be authenticated.

    There are two options: One-way authentication or Mutual authentication.

    • If only server authentication is required, select One-way authentication.
    • If you want the clients and the load balancer to authenticate each other, select Mutual authentication. Only authenticated clients will be allowed to access the load balancer.

    CA Certificate

    Specifies the certificate that allows the clients and backend servers to mutually authenticate each other.

    For details, see Adding a Certificate.

    Server Certificate

    Specifies the certificate that will be used by the backend server to authenticate the client when HTTPS is used as the frontend protocol.

    Both the certificate and private key are required.

    For details, see Adding a Certificate.

    Enable SNI

    Specifies whether to enable SNI when HTTPS is used as the frontend protocol.

    SNI is an extension to TLS and is used when a server uses multiple domain names and certificates.

    This allows the client to submit the domain name information while sending an SSL handshake request. After the load balancer receives the request, the load balancer queries the corresponding certificate based on the domain name and returns it to the client. If no certificate is found, the load balancer will return the default certificate. For details, see SNI Certificate.

    SNI Certificate

    Specifies the certificate associated with the domain name when the frontend protocol is HTTPS and SNI is enabled.

    Select an existing certificate or create one.

    For details, see Adding a Certificate.

    Access Control

    Specifies how access to the listener is controlled. For details, see What Is Access Control? The following options are available:

    • All IP addresses
    • Blacklist
    • Whitelist

    IP Address Group

    Specifies the IP address group associated with a whitelist or blacklist. If there is no IP address group, create one first. For more information, see IP Address Group.

    Transfer Client IP Address

    Specifies whether to transmit IP addresses of the clients to backend servers.

    Advanced Settings

    Security Policy

    Specifies the security policy you can use if you select HTTPS as the frontend protocol. For more information, see TLS Security Policy.


    Specifies whether you want to use HTTP/2 if you select HTTPS for Frontend Protocol. For details, see HTTP/2.

    Transfer Load Balancer EIP

    Specifies whether to store the EIP bound to the load balancer in the X-Forwarded-ELB-IP header field and pass this field to backend servers.

    Enable this option if you want to transparently transmit the EIP of the load balancer to backend servers.

    Idle Timeout (s)

    Specifies the length of time for a connection to keep alive, in seconds. If no request is received within this period, the load balancer closes the connection and establishes a new one with the client when the next request arrives.

    The idle timeout duration ranges from 0 to 4000.

    Request Timeout (s)

    Specifies the length of time that a load balancer is willing to wait for a client request to complete. The load balancer terminates the connection if a request takes too long to complete.

    The request timeout duration ranges from 1 to 300.

    Response Timeout (s)

    Specifies the length of time (in seconds) after which the load balancer sends a 504 Gateway Timeout error to the client if the load balancer receives no response from the backend server after routing a request to the backend server and receives no response after attempting to route the same request to other backend servers.

    The response timeout duration ranges from 1 to 300.


    If you have enabled sticky sessions and the backend server does not respond within the response timeout duration, the load balancer returns 504 Gateway Timeout to the clients.


    Provides supplementary information about the listener.

    You can enter a maximum of 255 characters.

  6. Click Next: Configure Request Routing Policy.
    1. You are advised to select an existing backend server group.
    2. You can also click Create new to create a backend server group.
      1. Configure the backend server group based on Table 2.
      2. Click Next: Add Backend Server. Add backend servers and configure health check for the backend server group.

        For details about how to add backend servers, see Backend Server Overview. For the parameters required for configuring a health check, see Table 3.

  7. Click Next: Confirm.
  8. Confirm the configurations and click Submit.