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Exporting Global Objects

Updated at: Jul 14, 2021 GMT+08:00

You can use gs_dumpall to export global objects, including database users, user groups, tablespaces, and attributes (for example, global access permissions), from GaussDB(DWS).

Procedure

  1. Connect to the default database gaussdb as a database administrator through the database client tool provided by DWS.

    For example, use the gsql client to connect to the database by running the following command:

    1
    gsql -d gaussdb -h 192.168.2.30 -U dbadmin -p 8000 -r
    

    Enter the password as prompted.

  2. Run gs_dumpall to export global tablespaces.

    gs_dumpall -W Bigdata@123 -U omm -f /home/dbadmin/backup/MPPDB_tablespace.sql -p 8000 -t
    Table 1 Common parameters

    Parameter

    Description

    Example Value

    -U

    User name for database connection. The user must be a cluster administrator.

    -U omm

    -W

    User password for database connection.

    • This parameter is not required for database administrators if the trust policy is used for authentication.
    • If you connect to the database without specifying this parameter and you are not a database administrator, you will be prompted to enter the password.

    -W Bigdata@123

    -f

    Folder to store exported files. If this parameter is not specified, the exported files are stored in the standard output.

    -f /home/dbadmin/backup/MPPDB_tablespace.sql

    -p

    TCP port or the local Unix-domain socket file extension on which the server is listening for connections.

    -p 8000

    -t

    Dumps only tablespaces. You can also use --tablespaces-only alternatively.

    -

    For details about other parameters, see gs_dumpall.

Examples

Example 1: Run gs_dumpall as a cluster administrator omm to export global tablespaces and users in a cluster. The exported files are in text format.

gs_dumpall -W Bigdata@123 -U omm -f /home/dbadmin/backup/MPPDB_globals.sql -p 8000 -g
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:06:24]: dumpall operation successful
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:06:24]: total time: 1150  ms

Example 2: Run gs_dumpall to export global tablespaces in a cluster, encrypt the exported files, and store them in text format as a cluster administrator omm.

gs_dumpall -W Bigdata@123 -U omm -f /home/dbadmin/backup/MPPDB_tablespace.sql -p 8000 -t --with-encryption AES128 --with-key 1212121212121212
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:00:58]: dumpall operation successful
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:00:58]: total time: 186  ms

Example 3: Run gs_dumpall as a cluster administrator omm to export global users in a cluster. The exported files are in text format.

gs_dumpall -W Bigdata@123 -U omm -f /home/dbadmin/backup/MPPDB_user.sql -p 8000 -r
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:03:18]: dumpall operation successful
gs_dumpall[port='8000'][2018-11-14 19:03:18]: total time: 162  ms

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