Creating a GDS Foreign Table
- Set the location parameter for the foreign table based on the path planned in Planning Data Export.
- Remote modeSet the location parameter to the URL of the directory that stores the data files.
- You do not need to specify a file name in the URL.
- If multiple URLs are configured, only the first URL is effective.
The IP address of the GDS data server is 192.168.0.90. The listening port number set during GDS startup is 5000. The directory for storing data files is /output_data.
In this case, set the location parameter to gsfs://192.168.0.90:5000/.
- location can be set to a subdirectory, for example, gsfs://192.168.0.90:5000/2019/11/, so that the same table can be exported to different directories by date.
- In the current version, when an export task is executed, the system checks whether the /output_data/2019/11 directory exists. If the directory does not exist, the system creates it. During the export, files are written to this directory. In this way, you do not need to manually run the mkdir -p /output_data/2019/11 command after creating or modifying a foreign table.
- Remote mode
- Set data format parameters in the foreign table based on the planned data file formats. For details about format parameters, see data format parameters.
- Create a GDS foreign table based on the parameter settings in the preceding steps. For details about how to create a foreign table, see CREATE FOREIGN TABLE (for GDS Import and Export).
- Example: Create the GDS foreign table foreign_tpcds_reasons for the source data. Data is to be exported as CSV files.
Data export mode settings are as follows:
The data server resides on the same intranet as the cluster. The IP address of the data server is 192.168.0.90. Data is to be exported as CSV files. The Remote mode is selected for parallel data export.
Assume that the directory for storing data files is /output_data/ and the GDS listening port is 5000 when GDS is started. Therefore, the location parameter is set to gsfs://192.168.0.90:5000/.
Data format parameter settings are as follows:
The foreign table is created using the following statement:
- format is set to CSV.
- encoding is set to UTF-8.
- delimiter is set to E'\x08'.
- quote is set to 0x1b.
- null is set to an empty string without quotation marks.
- escape is set to the same value as that of quote by default.
- header is set to false, indicating that the first row is identified as a data row in an exported file.
- EOL is set to 0X0A.
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CREATE FOREIGN TABLE foreign_tpcds_reasons ( r_reason_sk integer not null, r_reason_id char(16) not null, r_reason_desc char(100) ) SERVER gsmpp_server OPTIONS (LOCATION 'gsfs://192.168.0.90:5000/', FORMAT 'CSV', DELIMITER E'\x08', QUOTE E'\x1b', NULL '', EOL '0x0a' ) WRITE ONLY;