Updated on 2024-01-18 GMT+08:00

Basic Concepts

Account Cracking

Account cracking refers to the intruder behavior of guessing or cracking the password of an account.

Weak Password

A weak password can be easily cracked.

Malicious Program

A malicious program, such as a web shell, Trojan, worm, or virus, is developed with attack or illegal remote control intents.

Malware covertly inlays code into another program to run intrusive or disruptive programs and damage the security and integrity of the data on an infected server. Malware includes viruses, Trojans, and worms, classified by their ways of transmission.

HSS reports both identified and suspicious malware.


Ransomware emerged with the Bitcoin economy. It is a Trojan that is disguised as a legitimate email attachment or bundled software and tricks you into opening or installing it. It can also arrive on your servers through website or server intrusion.

Ransomware often uses a range of algorithms to encrypt the victim's files and demand a ransom payment to get the decryption key. Digital currencies such as Bitcoin are typically used for the ransoms, making tracing and prosecuting the attackers difficult.

Ransomware interrupts businesses and can cause serious economic losses. We need to know how it works and how we can prevent it.

Two-Factor Authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) refers to the authentication of user login by the combination of the user password and a verification code.

Web Tamper Protection

Web Tamper Protection (WTP) is an HSS edition that protects your files, such as web pages, documents, and images, in specific directories against tampering and sabotage from hackers and viruses.


A cluster consists of one or more ECSs (also known as nodes) in the same subnet. It provides a computing resource pool for running containers.


In CGS, each node corresponds to an ECS. Containers run on nodes.


An image is a special file system. It provides not only programs, libraries, resources, configuration files but also some configuration parameters required for a running container. A Docker image does not contain any dynamic data, and its content remains unchanged after being built.


A container is the instance of an image and can be created, started, stopped, deleted, and suspended.

Security Policy

A security policy indicates the security rule that must be followed for a running container. If a container violates a security policy, a container exception is displayed on the Runtime Security page of the CGS management console.


Projects are used to group and isolate OpenStack resources, including computing, storage, and network resources. A project can be a department or a project team.

Multiple projects can be created for one account.

Protection Quota

To protect a server, bind it to an HSS quota.

The quotas of different HSS editions you purchased are displayed on the console.


  • If you have purchased an HSS enterprise edition quota, you can bind it to a server.
  • If you have purchased 10 HSS enterprise edition quotas, you can bind them to 10 servers.