Help Center> Web Application Firewall> Best Practices> Configuring Collaborative Protection> Combining CDN and WAF to Get Improved Protection and Load Speed
Updated on 2024-02-29 GMT+08:00

Combining CDN and WAF to Get Improved Protection and Load Speed

How the Combination Works

  • When a user accesses a website that uses Huawei Cloud CDN, the local DNS server will redirect all domain requests to CDN using CNAME records. CDN uses a group of predefined policies (such as the content type, geographical location, and network load status) to respond visitors with the nearest CDN IP address so that visitors can obtain requested website content as quickly as possible.

    Objects supported by CDN: domain names of web applications on Huawei Cloud, other cloud platforms, or on-premises data centers

  • Web Application Firewall (WAF) keeps web services stable and secure. It examines all HTTP and HTTPS requests to detect and block the following attacks: Structured Query Language (SQL) injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), web shells, command and code injections, file inclusion, sensitive file access, third-party vulnerability exploits, Challenge Collapsar (CC) attacks, malicious crawlers, and cross-site request forgery (CSRF).

The combination of CDN and WAF can protect websites on Huawei Cloud, other clouds, or on-premises and improve website response time. Figure 1 shows the configuration diagram.

Figure 1 WAF configuration when a proxy is used

After you deploy CDN and WAF for your website, traffic is accelerated by CDN and then forwarded to WAF. WAF checks received traffic and forwards only the normal traffic to the origin server. The combination protects the website against attacks while improving the website response speed and availability.

Point your website domain name to CDN and then change the CDN back-to-source address to the WAF CNAME record. After that, you can also add a WAF subdomain name and TXT record on your DNS management platform in case others have connected the website domain name to WAF before you configure CDN.


If your website uses proxies such as anti-DDoS, Content Delivery Network (CDN), and cloud acceleration services, select Per user for Rate Limit Mode and enable All WAF instances for your CC attack protection rules.


Cloud WAF Configuration

The following uses Huawei Cloud CDN as an example to describe how to configure domain name resolution. If you use Huawei Cloud CDN, perform the following steps directly. If you use non-Huawei Cloud CDN, configure domain name resolution on non-Huawei Cloud CDN based on the instructions in the following steps.

  1. Obtain settings of CNAME, Subdomain Name, and TXT Record.

    1. Log in to the management console.
    2. Click in the upper left corner of the management console and select a region or project.
    3. Choose Security > Web Application Firewall to go to the Dashboard page.
    4. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Website Settings.
    5. In the row containing the desired domain name, click the domain name to go to the Basic Information page.
    6. On the page for configuring basic domain information, click in the row where the CNAME is located to copy CNAME. In the row of Access Status, click Make Accessible. In the Access Guide dialog box, copy Subdomain Name and TXT Record.
      Figure 2 Domain name access information

  2. Change the origin server domain name of the primary origin server of CDN to the CNAME of WAF.
  3. (Optional) Add a WAF subdomain name and TXT record at your DNS provider.

    To prevent others from configuring your domain names on WAF in advance (this will cause interference on your domain name protection), this step is recommended.

    1. Access the DNS resolution page, as shown in Figure 3.
      Figure 3 DNS page
    2. In the upper right corner of the page, click Add Record Set. The Add Record Set page is displayed. Figure 4 shows an example.
      • Name: TXT record copied in 1.f.
      • Type: Select TXT – Specify text records.
      • Alias: Select No.
      • Line: Default
      • TTL (s): The recommended value is 5 min. A larger TTL value will make it slower for synchronization and update of DNS records.
      • Value: Add quotation marks to the TXT record copied in 1.f and paste them in the text box, for example, TXT record.
      • Keep other settings unchanged.
      Figure 4 Adding a record set
    3. Click OK.

  4. (Optional) Ping the IP address of your domain name to check whether the new DNS settings take effect.

    It takes some time for the new DNS settings to take effect. If ping fails, wait for 5 minutes and ping again.

Configuring Dedicated WAF

Perform the following steps to complete configurations on Huawei Cloud CDN:

  1. Log in to the management console.
  2. Click in the upper left corner of the management console and select a region or project.
  3. Click in the upper left corner of the page and choose Content Delivery & Edge Computing > Content Delivery Network.
  4. In the navigation pane on the left, choose Domains.
  5. In the domain list, click the target domain name or click Configure in the Operation column.
  6. Click the Basic Settings tab. In the Origin Server Settings area, click Edit.

  7. Click Save.


If Access Status is Accessible, the traffic destined for your website domain name or IP address is routed to WAF.

  • WAF automatically checks the access status of protected websites every hour. If WAF detects that a protected website has received 20 access requests within 5 minutes, it considers that the website has been successfully connected to WAF.
  • By default, WAF checks only the Access Status of domain names added or updated over the last two weeks. If a domain name was added to WAF two weeks ago and has not been modified in the last two weeks, you can click in the Access Progress column to refresh the progress.

If a domain name fails to be connected to WAF, its access status is Inaccessible. To fix this issue, see Why Is the Access Status of a Domain Name or IP Address Inaccessible?